How It Works - The Ingenuity Helicopter - Narrated documentary.

Birt 13 mar 2021
Describes, explains in detail how the Ingenuity helicopter works. Describes the design, flight characteristics, electronics, equipment on board and how it is able to fly. Narrated documentary.
14 subtitle languages.
Background music available at
www.shockwave-sound.com/a/4be2237bb1

Ummæli

  • Thank you for explaining Ingenuity in detail. So much better than the snippet of dumbed-down laymaness (self coined term) they show on news programs!😄 One thing the video still leaves me questioning is, what are the spike like devices protruding out from the blades? Are they a form of weight balance, or aerodynamic aid, or something entirely different? I've been wondering about that since I first saw this little heli.

    • @Carol Meier Narrator - revoeciov I thought that might be the case, but wasn't sure. Thank you for your reply, I appreciate it! 👋🙂

    • They are weights generally used on helicopters to balance the blades and reduce vibration.

  • Since Ingenuity uses many standard electronic parts why didn't they also use a standard drone with modified propellers?

  • Some Mars vehicles are dieing because their solar panels are covered with dust. Too bad Ingenuity can't fly over and blow it off.

  • This Little guy has the Rpms of 2 and a half real helicopters.

  • I love this channel xx

  • Leaving Ingenuity behind is both shortsighted and stupid 🤔. It will be an expensive waste. Operate ingenuity til the rotors fly off. NASA/JPL should send new commands to both robots 🤖 update new mission parameters and keep pushing and learning. Just my taxpayer $0.02 🤨

  • So is there air on mars? I mean how else would it fly?

    • Well, yes, of course. Who would think there isn't air on Mars in 2021...

  • Nice man ! But I'm just curious how does one get these detail info about their system if u don't work there. Just really curious

  • As they are narrating it now, CHINA is copying their technology already

  • Just wow❤️

  • Hats off

  • 90 second flight. Coming back to same helipad. So, it is going to fly around the same spot forever?

    • @Carol Meier Narrator - revoeciov 👍 Thanks.

    • Not exactly. Watch the video again at 12:34, again at 13:40, and again at 14:11 - 14:42

  • That's insane, a great video for sure!

  • While Mars' atmosphere is 1% of Earth's. the gravity is about 1/3 so the lower gravity helps with weight.

  • Salute to the scientists n engineers of NASA. Whatever said n done US is the greatest country on earth!

  • This is a test to determine the feasibility of flight on Mars, as opposed to aerial reconnaissance. Can the helicopter be recharged, or will its lifespan be as brief as a disposable film camera (for those of us old enough to know what those are)

    • If you were paying attention to the video, you would have seen, and heard that it uses a solar panel to recharge it's batteries.

  • TOUCHDOWN!!!

  • Off the shelf parts that cost $85 million.

  • Kudos to all behind this project, hoping to see this helicopter flying successfully... Can't wait ❤️❤️❤️

  • Wow that was very informative 👍

  • Jeeze...off the shelf parts..???

    • Our "off-the-shelf parts" are now literally orders of magnitude beyond anything used for the Apollo missions, and even the Shuttle missions. "Off the shelf" has actually become synonymous with consumer-tested, very durable, highly sophisticated hardware and software.

  • Why not just use lighter than air balloons, Along with the copter.?

    • @Bernie Wong And making it light and leakfree... Control would be worse too.

    • At 6:00 we see that Mars' atmosphere is largely (96%) CO2. Over time, the lighter gases have escaped into space. Lighter gases for balloons will have to be transported from earth.

    • I asked this years and years ago when I suggested in posts all over the internet that NASA should be developing a helicopter/flying vehicle to get away from "inches-at-a-time crawling, lumbering Rovers. A gas that is lighter than the thin Mars air should not be difficult, and could be compressed - or even processed on the surface, and pumped into a small 'blimp' carrying a bevy of science experiments, and EXTREMELY high-resolution cameras. I'm not really sure, however, after looking at the unbelievable amounts of obfuscation on nearly every photo ever released by the space program, that they WANT incredibly razor-sharp, detailed, zoomed close-ups of anything of interest on Mars, the Moon, or most other solar bodies.

  • Wow that is unreal

  • Mars has an atmosphere that is 100 times thinner than the atmosphere of Earth... wondering what kind of performance the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter can expect to get in air that thin.

  • 4:45 the coolest part was watching that helicopter getting torn into pieces by the rotors

  • How deos helicopter clean its lens if they get dirty?

    • Well, being careful. Otherwise, martian dust is known to be fine and dry, so it might clean inself. Otherwise, no on-board footage then, I guess.

    • You're not supposed to ask questions like that...

  • Make the Helicopter follow the rover on it´s mission, if it is possible.

    • @Berretta9mm1 Good point, but don't they have to stay in distance to communicate?

    • @Rasmus Helvad Why? I want to see something besides a rover crawling inches at a time along a pre-planned path. They FINALLY have something that can take off, fly quickly to something interesting, and (if it is suitably empty of anything that might indicate a civilization, or complex life), transmit it to Earth. The Rovers are slow, cumbersome, multi-ton beasts. Why would you want an aerial vehicle to just hover over it? What a waste.

    • Maybe they thought of it already ✌

  • Everything about the perseverance mission is amazing. It still spanners my head that we can send something like that millions of kilometers across the universe, land safely and do all the things it is made to do. That little drone is what i have been looking forward to most. It doesn't look like much, but cost 85 million dollars (not including the cost of running the mission). I did not know it had a snapdragon chip in it. If you have a new model android cell phone in your hand...that is probably what is inside. Great upload Miss Meier, peace to ya.

  • 1 percent earth atmosphere. Spins 100 times faster.

  • Very impressive. If the Copter passes all of the scheduled test flights, has NASA considered then flying the Copter in short hops down the route of the remoter location 'waypoints' that already form part of Perseverence's primary mission? Reconnaisance of that route and then re-connecting and testing of the Copter's durability over time as well as enhancing the primary mission data - could be advantages?

  • So it's not a whole lot more advanced than the drone I have sitting beside my printer over there. I hope it works

  • Damn!. Qualcomm Snapdragon 801 on MARS!!!!. Where are you Intel Atom ???!.

    • Computers don't need TikTok. Technology is wasted on stupid humans

  • How does it fly w/o air?

    • Why do so many people think that Mars hasn't an atmosphere?

    • there is air on mars tho thin it has an atmosphere !

  • NASA basically sent a flying smart phone to Mars😆

  • Damn, if only Perserverance had a landing pad, "Lil' Ing" would be given instructions to search sites that deemed hazardous to Percy

    • Dual purpose solar panel/landing pad with electromagnetic landing gear that can magnetically lock the drone to the panel. Also running the drone blades at full speed while locked to the solar panel will clean dust off the panel.

  • When the 30 days has passed, if Ingenuity is still functioning and the rover must move on, they should just keep it hopping ahead within range for aerial reconnaissance as long as possible

  • Thanks for such a lucid explanation! Learnt a lot. Can't wait to see it flying 🥳🥳

  • Amazing !!

  • This is very cool and I'm glad they're doing it. But, interestingly, there's no science here, it's just a super geek toy. I hope they get some cool video.

    • Exactly - it's a cheap proof of concept for the first extraterrestrial flight in our history.

    • The science behind it is to prove that a manned drone like vehicle could work in Mars thin atmosphere

  • "How The Ingenuity Helicopter SHOULD Work"

  • These are the Voyages.....

  • I love your narration. I was a good friend of Don Lafontaine. What an amazing person he was. I wanted to get in to the VO industry but I am a better composer.

  • maxon coreless motors on my self balancing machine ten years ago, the brushless have come on now with the three phase foc controllers.

  • beautiful explanation. now I personally presume that the entire water surrounding our earth might have come from Mars through some magnetic force. the same way our water may flow back to Mars one day with ONLY sea-borne living organisms to commence a fresh life there but when it will happen cannot be predetermined, leaving the earth scanty and barren like other planets. these are my personal perception but I am not a scientist or astrologer or Nostradam or any science literate. it may take generations to confirm this view by the time none of us on earth would survive.

  • Where can I find the remote software of this copter to fly it by myself?

    • Google "Ingenuity F Prime" and you'll find lots of information and software

  • Hi from the UK. Very good explanation and so interesting, well done to all the engineers who designed, built and landed this on Mars so I can see live pictures in my sitting room of another planet. Superb.

  • Wow Superb explanation Thank u

  • Wow. Very interesting and informative!

  • Even assuming that Ingenuity will actually fly, which we won't know for another week or so, I find it amazing that NASA is planning to abandon it after a month. Once their experiment is complete, it would have been logical to simply program Ingenuity to follow behind Perseverance to the extent that it's possible to do so. Or at the very least till Ingenuity fails, whichever comes first. The value proposition for this would be to gather additional low altitude photo's along the path that Perseverance follows.

    • @MarloSoBalJr Gaming But how would you really carry it safely along with the rover? Hopping from time to time to follow it? I think they might have thought about it more than us.

    • @dkyelak I mean, how would it?... it flies above and become the eagle eyes for Percy. Seem to be a waste engineering if it's still capable of flying

    • I don't expect we are being told the entire story. Maybe they will try those things if it doesn't interfere with the primary mission.

  • Wouldn't "drone" be a better term then "helicopter"?

  • Wow!!!

  • its been there 6 weeks what is the hold up?

    • Remember that the helicopter is not the primary task of the Perseverance rover. The rover is busy doing lots of other things including discarding the cover that covered the sample acquisition equipment and testing of systems etc.,... things the rover has to do before it can turn its attention to the helicopter. The rover also has to find the ideal spot for the helipad even before it can lower the helicopter to the ground, after which more system checks will be carried out. NASA estimated that helicopter flight would occur approximately 30-60 days after the rover landed. Depending on how preliminary tasks go, that may be extended to sometime in May. Be patient. It is more important to do this right than just jump right in

  • Интересно но жаль, что все события очень -очень медленно происходят.

    • Translation: @berretta9mm1 @Carol Meier Рассказчик - revoeciov Вы великолепны - спасибо за перевод. Я бы сказал LoL и сказал, что спрашивающий может не понимать сложности многозадачности, необходимой для управления обоими транспортными средствами с Земли, или времени, которое требуется этим командам - и данным, собранным с обоих транспортных средств - для путешествия на Землю для анализа. , а затем вернуться на Марс для обработки марсоходом и вертолетом. У самого Rover должен быть очень хороший AI. интегрированная в него система. Простое управление только ровером невероятно сложно, с огромным временем задержки сигналов, которые достигают орбитального аппарата и передаются на вездеход - и обратно - и во время этих "задержек" они ("водители" на Земля) по сути слепы. Вы бы согласились? Вы один из лучших докладчиков, самый доступный и человечный из всех докладчиков, с которыми я когда-либо сталкивался. Большое вам спасибо за то, что вы делаете. Оформил подписку сразу.

    • @Carol Meier Narrator - revoeciov You are amazing - thank you for the translation. I would LoL, and say that the questioner may not understand the complexity of the multi-tasking necessary to control both vehicles from Earth, or the time it takes these commands - and the data gathered from both vehicles - to travel to Earth, for analysis, and then return to Mars for processing by the rover and helicopter. The Rover itself must have a very good A.I. system integrated into it.. Just steering the Rover alone is incredibly complex, with huge lag times for the signals to reach the Orbiter and be transmitted to the Rover - and back again - and during these "lags" they (the 'drivers' on Earth)are essentially blind. Would you agree? You are one of the best presenters, and the most accessible and human, of any presenter I've ever encountered. Thank you so much for what you do. Subscribed immediately.

    • Translation: It is interesting but a pity that all events are very, very slow.

  • Can you put references for the info you provided?

  • Operation paperclip!!!

  • I just realized this tiny coaxial helicopter carries infinitely more computer power and technology than the Apollo 11 lunar lander.

  • Keep up the good work NASA. I'm 80 years old and would like to see more of the solar system before it's time for me to leave this mortal coil. Particularly want to see Titan

    • Me too, I'm 81yrs old & wld like to live long enough to see men on Mars

    • Me too.. and good luck to you your a great man :)

  • A huge step into future of space.congratulations to nasa team for they hard work and dedication .

  • I can see great things in the next 10,15 years to come with technology 😀

  • Too bad that Ingenuity will be left behind. It would have been great if it were designed to keep following Perseverance everywhere it went. Like two buddies having fun on Mars.

    • This was just a test and Ginny smashed expectations.I think they will beef up the design and launch another.Why not?

    • I don't know. With Ingenuity and Perseverance, together they could get up to a lot of mischief.

  • Question: Is more code still being written now?

  • What happens if the wind blows At night and it falls over ???????

    • was wondering about that to

  • Linux will be flying on Mars!! niceaxx

  • Carol, this is a really nicely-done documentary! Good production values, excellent graphics, expertly narrated and really excellent information. Mars is my specialty, as a researcher; and I didn't see any errors or problems with your data or presentation. Well done!

  • They should try a dirigible with lifting gas.

    • The lifting gas would have to be much less dense than the thin Martian atmosphere.

  • Using inches and centimetres both at the same time. Why can’t you just use decimal?

    • Why have subtitles in different languages? The world is not homogeneous. Lots of people use feet and inches. Lots of people use decimal. Why not accommodate everyone?

  • Thank you for sharing. More videos to watch fr you

  • Freaking cool stuff

  • 🥲I hope it can fly 🚁

  • Is the copter able to self right in a tip-over or crash?

  • Sounds like a blimp would be much more useful - it would be aloft for days/weeks/months

    • Gets very windy up there. Great if you want to see a lot, not so great if you want to see it in a controlled manner...

  • Linux on Mars :-)

  • Why are we only seeing still images from this rover ??? No real time video footage ??? Bandwidth more than allows for this at 2 Megabits per second ????? No one seems to ask this question.

    • @Denis PMB Power efficiency and power allocation is an issue for the helicopter. Great point ! Although data is sent from the helicopter to perseverance before main transmission as far as I am aware. This excuse is not valid for the perseverance rover though. The main rover has more than enough power and data bandwidth for video.

    • Downtime. You do realize it needs more energy to take video shots and sending the larger files to earth? It charges for a whole day just to fly a couple of minutes and shoot some BW pics (2/3 third of total energy capacity). While as the video explains, you need to be very very light but at the same time extra fast rotors to defeat the 1% Mars atmosphere challenge. They use the rest 1/3 capacity to warm the gadget at nights.

    • @David Davids Communications lag has nothing to do with it. It only takes 3 to 22 minutes to arrive back on earth anyway. They will only show video of parachute and sky but nothing when it comes to video of mars surface footage. ???

    • Probably because nothing is moving. You don't need video images of a rock or geologic feature of interest.

    • 'No real time video footage' this complaint reflects a failure to acknowledge the communications LAG, between here and THERE.

  • Oh! great video and interesting how long this little helicopter is capable of working continuously without any break?

    • About 90 seconds. Remember this is just an experiment. There are 3 flights scheduled with the possibility of 4 or 5 if engineers determine that all systems on the helicopter are still a go and if there are places to send it to further test its capabilities. Watch the video again beginning at 12:33. It explains this.

  • I thought Ingenuity had no swashplate, but instead used gyros.

    • Nope. Ingenuity has it all.....central computer, inertial measurement unit, laser altimeter, inclinometer, accelerometers, servos, connecting rods, gyros......and.....swashplates.

  • Some how my gut tells me this will fail let's see 👀

    • Some how my gut tells me your gut is wrong.

  • Its danish 😉

  • Hi for All and ; Congratulations on this adorable success ....But I have one question please: Why everyone says Helicopter and not a drone !!! ? Thanks

  • Exciting

  • man why didn't they use snapdragon 888. 801 is way too old

  • so much effort put into this video. respect

  • Fantastic explanations & visuals, for me as an aviation electronic tech your theory of operations & working principles were spot on! Bravo-Zulu to Carol!

  • fantastic....

  • First aircraft built by humans to fly on Mars.

  • why can't the Helicopter be programmed to follow the rover. and make a new helipad.then it could scout ahead for the rover. can this not be done.

  • I think it might fail. Though i hope not.

  • Thanks Linus torwalds.

  • Magnificent 👽

  • Thank you. I have 2 rc helicopters and 2 small drones mounted on a one metre rod to experiment with here. Just the mechanics as they were all at the Thrift store broken but for $10 and safety glasses I'll receive some learning.

  • How do you fly a helicopter on 1%atmosphere of earth ? Nono.

    • You have a weaker gravity on Mars, so that helps. Apart from that: build it with lighter materials, have the rotors bigger and spinning more quickly.

  • but after the 30 day period cant the helicopter folow the rover when it is safe?

    • @Mako-kun I'd much prefer Ingenuity be a scout for Percy. Seeing what obstacles is ahead is always good for a ground-based machine

    • Yeah, I think thats the most likely outcome. Nasa Usually extends missions that are still operational. Perhaps we might see Nasa testing the limits of Ingenuity by flying it further from the rover, or actually using it as a scout ahead of the rover.

  • Drone ... just say drone

    • I know that I am knitpicking, but most drones are helicopters and no helicopter is a drone, if you understand my point. Also, it cost way too much just to label it a "drone" :D

    • No way! it is helicopter=)

  • Get that helichopter and start seeding the atmosphere and then seed the land to get some trees going on

    • You would need Carbondioxide for the trees to survive

    • Dust off of Curiosity first?

  • So, what happens in a storm/sandstorm, how does it survive, stay up right, does not get destroyed. ?

    • @Carol Meier Narrator - revoeciov thank you for a great answer ☺☺☺ I hope it will work perfectly and you will get lots of data 😊😊

    • NASA does not expect a dust storm to come up during the helicopter's operation. Dust storms usually happen in the southern hemisphere in spring or summertime, and the helicopter will be in the northern hemisphere during spring. Even if a dust storm were to happen, the main effect is that the sky would become dark. It wouldn't be much more windy, probably barely felt, because of the very thin atmosphere and the helicopter would not be pelted with sand. The sand is so fine that it mostly just darkens the sky a little. Since the helicopter is solar powered, it would mean that it may take a little longer for it to charge its batteries before the next flight. Sand storms like those depicted in movies like The Martian are myth and designed for Hollywood effects.

  • Amazingly clever, I must say, well done to whoever even thought of it, I'm gobsmacked really 👏 😲😲 G

  • Very nice Explanation about functions of Mars helicopter.

  • Not so much of a scientist but just thinking aloud...if mars atmosphere is so thin and makes it so difficult to fly, why not improve on the flying capabilities of the 'descent stage' that lowered perseverance on mars. Atleast it was able to fly to a safe distance after dropping perseverance on the surface of mars.

    • because it used huge amounts of fuel. by the time the descent stage had lowered perseverance, 75% of its fuel was gone. the last 25% was used to fly away and crash land

  • Cost effective

  • One of the most advanced technology, engineering, physics, IT systems and network

    • I expect a solar jet plane will be next. Just speed it up to catch more lift.

  • Imagine the tech within 5 years more